and consumer demand for larger
diamonds is on the rise
Average engagement ring diamond size in 1920 was 0.30ct today that has risen to 1.25ct per.
- The earth mined ore is mixed with Cyanide, a known toxic poison, to dissolve the Gold or Silver from the ore, making the land and waterways around the mining area poisoned.
- So called “conflict-free” Canada diamond mines are often built in environmentally fragile ecosystems, have significant ecological footprints, and will significantly impact upon the caribou, wolverine, bears, ptarmigan and fish which provide food for Aboriginal peoples.
- The largest Australian diamond mine is the size of Japan.
Water Impacts from Canadian Victor Mine
1 .2 M m³
2 .6 km
- Fish populations such as lake sturgeon, brook trout, walleye and whitefish may be harmed by the changes in water flow and water quality.
- River crossings may lead to siltation of rivers and creeks and impact water quality.
- Methyl mercury may be released by the dewatering of the muskeg.
Land Impacts from Canadian Victor Mine
28 .7 M
2 .5 M
- The mine would sit on top of a nationally significant geological feature called a karst, which has been described as the best developed and most extensive karst topography in Ontario.
- The waste rock may leach chemicals, such as acids, into the surrounding water.
Wildlife Impacts Canadian Victor Mine
- The area of the proposed mine and its associated infrastructure provides critical habitat for woodland caribou, a threatened species. Woodland caribou are extremely sensitive to industrial activity and usually disappear from areas where it occurs. After the mine closes and the site is re-vegetated, studies say that “excellent habitat for moose” (shrubs and young forest) will be created, which also means that the habitat that previously supported caribou (older forest and bogs) will be diminished. This may result in the local extinction of caribou.
- The water table would be affected for up to 260,000 hectares surrounding the mine. This would dry out muskeg, change the vegetation of the area and reduce the abundance of lichens, a key food for caribou.
- The noise of the explosives used to construct the mine and from pit operations combined with trucks bringing supplies and materials to and from the mine site (60 trucks per day) would negatively impact wildlife behavior.
- Easier motorized access (better and more roads) to and in the region will increase hunting pressure on game species.
- Habitat for migratory birds will also be affected.